At first, we visited Baraqish, the ancient capital of the Ma’in kingdom (400 BC) .
We could visit the mighty city walls, still well preserved . In the ancient town, nowadays, there are only a small mosque , a well and a temple dedicated to the God Athar .
Then, we visited the capital of the Sabaean kingdom: Ma’rib, whose origins date back to the VIII century BC.
In Ma’rib, there are very ancient “mud skyscrapers ” .
The importance of the Sabaean kingdom was due to the incense trade but, overall, to the dam which , with a barrage of about 700 meters, allowed to irrigate almost one hundred square km of fields.
The Sabaean kingdom ended with the disaster caused by the collapse of the dam which took place in 570, the same year of Muhammad’s birth !
Near the capital, we visited two interesting Sabaean temples: Arsh Bilqis (or Temple of the Moon ) and Mahram Bilqis ( or Temple of the Sun) .